咨詢電話:400-6300-966

招考
資訊

考試動態 大綱 招簡 考研常識 指南 擇校擇專業 報錄比 在職考研 >>

備考
資料

政治 英語 數學 聯考 專業課 專碩 歷年真題 考研資料 >>

考研
課程

新大綱OAO 解題訓練 推免 暢學OL/OAO 魔鬼集訓 >>

考研
學科

經濟 會計 法學 醫學 金融 心理 管理 藝術 教育 翻譯 計算機

招生資訊

考試動態 考研大綱 招生簡章 報錄比 擇校擇專業 招生目錄 考研常識 考研報考 考研指南 院校排名 經驗分享 考試書目 成績查詢 考研復試 調劑信息 保研推免 考研分數線 錄取通知 就業信息 在職考研 考研調劑 大?佳 考研問答

備考資料

考研英語: 英語詞匯 閱理解讀 新題型    完型填空 大作文 語法 翻譯 考研數學: 高等數學 線性代數 概率統計 模擬試題 考研政治:時政熱點 馬哲原理 近代史 思修法基 毛中特 真題 試題 考研聯考:初等數學 邏輯推理 中文寫作 經濟類數學

考研課程

魔鬼集訓營 新大綱OAO 在校生考研 經濟類聯考 在職考研 經濟學考研 心理學考研 醫學考研 應用心理碩士 教育碩士考研 解題訓練營 考研推免生 樂學早起鳥 管理類聯考 會計學考研 藝術考研 教育學考研 法碩考研 金融碩士考研 管理學考研

您所在的位置: 中公考研 > 考研英語 > 歷年真題 > 正文

2021考研英語一閱讀理解試題及答案解析(中公考研版)

更新時間:2021-01-18 15:26:44 | 來源:中公考研   

2021考研初試已結束,中公考研網在考研初試后及時為各位考研考生梳理"2021考研英語一閱讀理解試題及答案解析(中公考研版)"內容,中公考研各研究院院長針對2021考研初試試題進行試題變化及難度解析,供考生參考>>贏在初試勝在復試-即刻解鎖

Section II Reading Comprehension

Part A

Directions:

Read the following four texts. Answer the questions after each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)

Text 1

How can the train operators possibly justify yet another increase to rail passenger fares? It has become a grimly reliable annual ritual: every January the cost of travelling by train rises, imposing a significant extra burden on those who have no option but to use the rail network to get to work or otherwise. This year’s rise, an average of 2.7 per cent, may be a fraction lower than last year’s, but it is still well above the official Consumer Price Index (CPI) measure of inflation.

Successive governments have permitted such increases on the grounds that the cost of investing in and running the rail network should be borne by those who use it, rather than the general taxpayer. ...? Equally, there is a sense that the travails of commuters in the South East, many of whom will face among the biggest rises, have received too much attention compared to those who must endure the relatively poor infrastructure of the Midlands and the North.

However, over the past 12 months, those commuters have also experienced some of the worst rail strikes in years. ...The responsibility for the latest wave of strikes rests on the unions. However, there is a strong case that those who have been worst affected by industrial action should receive compensation for the disruption they have suffered.

The Government has pledged to change the law to introduce a minimum service requirement so that, even when strikes occur, ..., more investment is needed, but passengers will not be willing to pay more indefinitely if they must also endure cramped, unreliable services, punctuated by regular chaos when timetables are changed, or planned maintenance is managed incompetently. The threat of nationalisation may have been seen off for now, but it will return with a vengeance if the justified anger of passengers is not addressed in short order.

21. The author holds that this year’s increase in rail passengers fares ______.

A.  will ease train operators’ burden

B.  has kept pace with inflation

C.  is a big surprise to commuters

D.  remains an unreasonable measure

22. The stockbroker in Paragraph 2 is used to stand for ______.

A.  car drivers

B.  rail travellers

C.  local investors

D.  ordinary taxpayers

23. It is indicated in Paragraph 3 that train operators ______.

A.  are offering compensation to commuters

B. are trying to repair relations with the unions

C. have failed to provide an adequate service

D.  have suffered huge losses owing to the strikes

24. If unable to calm down passengers, the railways may have to face ______.

A.  the loss of investment

B.  the collapse of operations

C.  a reduction of revenue

D.  a change of ownership

25. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

A.  Who Are to Blame for the Strikes?

B.  Constant Complaining Doesn’t Work

C.  Can Nationalisation Bring Hope?

D.  Ever-Rising Fares Aren’t Sustainable

21. 【答案】D(remains an unreasonable measure)

【解析】本題為細節題。根據題干關鍵詞rail passengers fares定位到第一段①句。①句沒有體現作者的觀點,因此往下看一句,定位到②句:It has become a grimly reliable annual ritual ... imposing a significant extra burden on those...由grimly(冷酷地,討厭地)和a significant extra burden(一個巨大的額外負擔)可知,作者對鐵路乘客車費上漲的態度是負面的。再根據題干關鍵詞this year’s increase定位到第一段③句:This year’s rise, an average of 2.7 per cent, may be a fraction lower than last year’s, but it is still well above the official Consumer Price Index (CPI) measure of inflation.(今年平均2.7%的上漲,也許比去年的上漲稍微低一些,但是它仍然遠遠高于官方消費者物價指數衡量的通貨膨脹程度)。由此進一步確定車費上漲是unreasonable(不合理的)。所以本題選D。

22. 【答案】B(rail travellers)

【解析】本題為例證題。根據題干關鍵詞stockbroker定位到例子所在句,即第二段②句:Why ... should a car-driving pensioner ... have to subsidise the daily commute of a stockbroker...?(為什么一個開車的養老金領取者必須要補貼一個股票經紀人的日常通勤呢?)再找到前面的論點句:Successive governments have permitted such increases on the grounds that the cost of investing in and running the rail network should be borne by those who use it, rather than the general taxpayer(歷屆政府允許這種上漲,因為投資和運營鐵路網的成本應該由使用它的人們來承擔,而不是一般納稅人)。這段論述認為,沒有使用鐵路網的一般納稅人如開車的養老金領取者不應該承擔鐵路網成本,使用鐵路網的人如股票經紀人才應該承擔此成本。定位句中的stockbroker指的就是論點句中的those who use it。所以本題選B。

23. 【答案】C(have failed to provide an adequate service)

【解析】本題為細節題。根據題干關鍵詞train operators定位到第三段②句:It is all very well train operators trumpeting the improvements they are making to the network, but passengers should be able to expect a basic level of service for the substantial sums they are now paying to travel(火車運營商宣揚他們對鐵路網作出的改進無可非議,但考慮到乘客如今為出行支付的大量費用,他們理應能夠期待基本水平的服務)?梢,火車運營商沒能提供合格的服務。所以本題選C。

24. 【答案】D(a change of ownership)

【解析】本題為細節題。根據題干關鍵詞If unable to calm down passengers定位到第四段④句:The threat of nationalisation may have been seen off for now, but it will return with a vengeance if the justified anger of passengers is not addressed in short order(國有化的威脅也許暫時可以避免,但是,如果乘客的正當憤怒不能被立即解決,這種威脅會卷土重來)。If unable to calm down passengers是if the justified anger of passengers is not addressed in short order的同義表達?梢,如果鐵路公司不能讓乘客鎮靜下來,鐵路公司將會面臨國有化的威脅,即所有權的變更。所以本題選D。

25. 【答案】D(Ever-Rising Fares Aren’t Sustainable)

【解析】本題為主旨大意題。文章首段提出鐵路乘客車費再次上漲的問題,即文章討論的主題;二段簡單闡述歷屆政府允許車費上漲的理由;三至四段聚焦于乘客所付車費和享受到的服務不對等的問題,作者認為乘客應該受到補償,英國鐵路服務標準必須得到保障,并指出如果服務得不到保障,乘客將不會無止境地支付更多車費。D項中的Ever-Rising Fares(不斷上漲的車費)是文章討論的主題,Aren’t Sustainable(是不可持續的)是作者的觀點。D項完整地概括了全文內容。所以本題選D。 

免責聲明:本站所提供的內容均來源于網友提供或網絡搜集,由本站編輯整理,僅供個人研究、交流學習使用,不涉及商業盈利目的。如涉及版權問題,請聯系本站管理員予以更改或刪除。

【責任編輯:趙白雪】

中公考研課堂

  • 考研公共課
  • 考研專業課
課程系列 班次名稱 價格 免費試聽
考研政治網絡課堂 2022考研新大綱政治全程進階班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
考研英語網絡課堂 2022考研新大綱英語(一)全程進階班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
2022考研新大綱英語(二)全程進階班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
考研數學網絡課堂 2022考研新大綱英一數進階VIP班 ¥1560.00 免費試聽
2022考研新大綱數學全程進階班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
2022考研新大綱政數進階VIP班 ¥1560.00 免費試聽
考研管綜網絡課堂 2022考研新大綱英二管綜新大綱進階VIP班 ¥2560.00 免費試聽
聯報精講VIP班 22"在職新大綱"政英二經綜聯報專屬VIP班 ¥4740.00 免費試聽
2022"在職新大綱"政日數聯報專屬VIP班 ¥4140.00 免費試聽
"在職新大綱"MPAcc英二管綜聯報VIP班 ¥3360.00 免費試聽
  22考研新大綱解題訓練營

考研初試在即,對手已開始全力沖刺你的進度還略微滯后?新大綱解題方法訓練營多樣化班型選擇,針對不同學習需求,緊跟考綱嚴苛打磨 GO>

  2023考研樂學輔導班

23考研大數據解密變難"成必然趨勢?與其焦慮不如提早準備營造優勢,23樂學讓你滿載而歸。地毯式掃清學習漏洞,漏洞式補強薄弱環節GO>

面授課程

|

網校課程

考研題庫

  • 英語真題
  • 政治真題
  • 數學真題
  • 專業課真題

英語一: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

英語二: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

政 治: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

單選題: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

多選題: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

分析題: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

數學一: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

數學二: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

數學三: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

心理學: 2021 2019 2018 2017 2016 2014

教育學: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

管理類: 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

經濟類: 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015

西 醫: 2021 2020 2016 2013 2012 2011

報考信息

備考指導

 

 

中公考研名師指導: 擇校擇專業 跨專業報考 1V1專業解答

亚洲va久久久噜噜噜久久